In this post, we’ll discuss the Philodendron Micans, a favorite among plant enthusiasts due to its lush, trailing vines. We’ll cover various aspects of its care, including light, soil, water, propagation, humidity, and other tips to help you grow a beautiful and full plant.
Philodendron hederaceum ‘Micans’ is an evergreen, climbing houseplant of the Araceae family native to the tropical rainforests of Central America and the West Indies. It is distinguished by its lovely, large, very dark green, heart-shaped leaves, some big leaves (some small) which grow up to 4 inches long.
The leaves also have shades of red, some almost brown depending on the light they receive, making them irresistible to the touch. They start off orangey and then fade to a dark, deep green. The leaves are also velvety, adding a nice texture. On the back, they are dark purple, providing a pop of color from different angles.
In the sun, the leaves are shimmery, making it visually appealing up close and in person. Micans adds a unique pop of color to your collection, standing out from plain green plants. Additionally, each leaf is heart-shaped, associating the plant with love.
Found in forests and jungles with high humidity, they usually climb tree trunks. Understanding its native habitat helps visualize its care requirements.
Being an intuitive choice for gifts, this fast-growing species develops thin stems and aerial roots that look spectacular hanging and is a ‘must-have’ for the urban jungle collection! It is not ‘Pet friendly’ but it can renew the atmosphere and purify the air around it.
Is Philodendron micans a climbing variety?
Philodendron micans is a climbing philodendron that can be kept as a hanging plant, allowing its long vines to hang downwards, or made to climb on supports.
Consider staking if you want the plant to climb. Use a moss pole, bamboo stake, or trellis to support its upward growth. Alternatively, if you prefer a trailing look, place it in a hanging basket.
Are there different types of philodendron Micans?
Yes, there are various varieties and hybrids of Philodendron Micans with color of the leaves ranging from the common very dark green to lime green (Philodendron Micans Light).
Variegated philodendron micans is still very rare in collections. It is characterized by velvety leaves with stunning variegation that ranging from cream to yellow to pink. The trailing beauty is a truly unique specimen and one for the ultimate plant collector.
|Central America, West Indies
|Yellow, Green, Brown, Red
|Width at maturity
|3 – 5 feet (1 – 1.5m)
|Height at maturity
|5 – 8 feet (1.5 – 2.5m)
|H1a: Minimum tolerated temperatures: > 60°F
|Non Pet Friendly
Philodendron Micans price
Regarding price and availability, Philodendron Micans was once considered rare and expensive. However, these days, it has become more common, and prices have decreased. You can find cuttings for around $15 to $20, making it an accessible addition to your collection.
Philodendron Micans Care
In terms of care, Philodendron Micans doesn’t really ask for much, making it a relatively easy plant to care for. However, certain conditions make it ideal for this plant to grow well and these are:
For lighting, Philodendron Micans prefers bright, indirect light, mimicking its natural habitat. They do well in east-facing windows, as the morning sun is less intense. For west-facing windows, pull the plant back or slightly off to the side to avoid the harsh afternoon sun. Some suggest they prefer medium to bright indirect light, but I’ve found that they can adapt to a range of lighting conditions.
Avoid direct sunlight as it can cause sunburn, and damage the leaves. While this won’t harm the plant’s overall health, it leads to cosmetic damage. The burnt leaves eventually shed, particularly those close to the plant’s base, and your plant will start to look bare. Therefore, maintaining an optimal light environment will help it thrive and produce luscious leaves.
Contrary to the belief that brighter light results in larger leaves, it’s essential to strike a balance. Tone down the light, by using window screens and if there is insufficient natural lighting, you can use grow lights to supplement.
When it comes to watering, Philodendron Micans doesn’t like to dry out completely. Water it when it’s around 70-80% dry or just before the top inch of soil becomes dry. Avoid both overwatering and underwatering, finding a balance for optimal growth.
You can check the moisture level by inserting your finger into the soil, ensuring it’s dry from the surface to a certain depth. Alternatively, lift the pot to gauge its weight; as you become more experienced, you’ll sense when it needs water.
Philodendrons, including Micans, prefer not to be overwatered. Allow the soil to dry slightly before the next watering. And when you do water, fully saturate the soil. Tap water works well; Micans isn’t overly sensitive to tap water compared to distilled or filtered water.
Water it over the sink, letting it drain through the ample drainage holes in the pot. Once drained, return it to its saucer to protect surfaces. Depending on your environment’s humidity, you may water every 7 to 10 days, but adjust based on the dryness or humidity levels.
Beginners can use a water meter or finger testing to avoid overwatering, which can lead to yellowing and leaf drop. In dry environments, the soil may dry out faster than in humid conditions, so again, adjust your watering frequency accordingly.
Temperature and Humidity
Regarding humidity and temperature, Philodendron Micans does well in typical household conditions. The ideal temperature, however, is between 65 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit. It can withstand higher temperatures as long as it has sufficient ambient humidity.
Due to its tropical origin, Philodendron Micans likes high humidity as it encourages larger leaf growth. Maintaining a humidity level of at least 50% has proven to be sufficient for my Micans.
You can increase humidity levels around your plant by misting its leaves with a spray bottle (at least a couple of times a week), placing it over a plate of water and small pebbles, or using a humidifier.
If you notice leaves curling or having difficulty unfurling, it might be a sign of increased humidity. However, high humidity is not a necessity for these plants to thrive.
One important thing you should know about this plant is that it does not tolerate extreme cold, drafts or frost.
Soil or Substrate
Use a well-draining substrate that is rich in nutrients and retains moisture well. I know a lot of people like to kind of make their own soil but I don’t because it’s a little too much work. Instead, you can choose to enhance store-bought potting mix such as cactus and succulent potting mix or any chunky mix suitable for aroids.
My mix consists of two-thirds potting mix and one-third perlite. Occasionally, I include a handful of bark for added enrichment. The straightforward combination of two parts potting mix and one part perlite has proven effective for my Micans.
The Philodendron Micans should be fertilized regularly, especially during periods of active growth. Use a diluted, all-purpose houseplant fertilizer, and follow the instructions on the label. This helps supplement the nutrients the plant uses during its fast growth.
I recommend using a balanced fertilizer during the growing season. Liquid Dirt and Stroke My Leaves are two fertilizers I’ve found effective for Micans. Fertilizing with each watering is a routine I follow, cutting back only during the winter months.
If you notice that your Philodendron Micans has small leaves or is growing very slowly, it may need more fertilizer.
How to propagate Philodendron Micans
When it comes to propagation, Micans are excellent candidates. You can propagate them through single-leaf cuttings or vine cuttings, depending on your preference.
Choose a healthy branch with one or more nodes and cut it with sharp scissors (A node is the point from which a new leaf emerges, resembling a small bump). Then place the cutting in a jar with water or in a container with a little very moist soil or sphagnum moss.
The roots will begin to grow quite quickly, and before long, the cutting can be planted in a pot.
Personally, I’ve had a high success rate, especially with sphagnum moss as a propagation medium. However, experimenting with different environments is encouraged, as Micans are hardy and can adapt well.
Aerial roots along the stem can also be propagated easily in water, moss, or soil. Philodendron Micans is known for its ease of propagation, making it a great choice for expanding your plant collection.
Pruning and Repotting
Try not to repot this plant too frequently, as it has numerous vines, and Philodendron micans tends to prefer being a bit root-bound. However, if it becomes significantly pot-bound and root-bound, you can certainly move it to a larger pot, typically one that is an inch or two larger.
This not only provides more space for the roots but also reduces the frequency of watering. Additionally, if the soil dries out exceptionally quickly, say within a week, it’s likely time to consider upsizing the pot to give the roots more room to grow.
When repotting, use well-draining soil, preferably with added perlite for improved aeration. Philodendron micans prefers slightly airy soil, akin to the forest floor. However, don’t rush with repotting; allow the plant to become a bit root-bound before making the transition to a larger pot.
Are philodendron micans hard to care for?
Caring for Philodendron Micans is very simple, making it also a fantastic option for beginners. It thrives in indirect light, prefers well-draining soil, and benefits from regular but moderate watering.
How do I identify a philodendron Micans?
Identifying Philodendron Micans is characterized by its distinctive velvety heart-shaped leaves with shades of green, brown, and red. The foliage exhibits a lush, trailing growth pattern, setting it apart from other philodendron varieties.
How much light does philodendron micans need?
Philodendron Micans likes to receive plenty of indirect light. It can tolerate low light levels but its growth will be slower. Additionally, its leaves will look smaller and there will be more space between them.
Why is Philodendron Micans limp?
Limpness in Philodendron Micans can be attributed to overwatering or underwatering. Ensure that you are following a proper watering schedule, allowing the soil to partially dry between waterings. If the soil is consistently too wet, it can lead to root rot, causing the plant to become limp.
Why is my Philodendron Micans turning red?
Reddish coloration in Philodendron Micans leaves is often a response to exposure to bright, indirect sunlight. While some red coloring is normal and adds to the beauty of the plant, excessive or sudden reddening may indicate too much sunlight. Consider moving the plant to a slightly shadier location.
Why are my micans leaves curling?
Curling leaves in Philodendron Micans can be a sign of low humidity. Ensure that the plant is not exposed to drafts or extremes in temperature, as these factors can also affect leaf health.
What pests and diseases attack Philodendron Micans?
Pests and diseases are generally not common with Philodendron Micans. If pests occur, treat them accordingly, and ensure good plant hygiene to prevent issues. As for diseases, Philodendron Micans is not particularly prone to any, making it a relatively low-maintenance plant.
Why are my Philodendron Micans leaves turning Yellow?
Keep an eye on the bottom leaves; if they are yellow, it might be a sign of over or under-watering.
I hope you find this post helpful in some way. Please comment below if you have a Micans of your own—I’d love to know, as I believe everyone should have a Micans in their collection.